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Fertilizers play a crucial role in plant growth and maximum yield. Essential nutrients are vital for various physiological processes in plants that affect their health, development and productivity. The primary nutrients required by plants are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), often referred to as NPK. In addition, secondary and microelements such as calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron, manganese, zinc, copper and molybdenum - are also necessary in small amounts. Fertilizers can be divided into two main types: organic and inorganic. Organic fertilizers are obtained from natural sources such as animal manure, compost and plant residues. They slowly release nutrients as they decompose, providing a steady supply to plants. Inorganic or synthetic fertilizers are produced by chemical processes and offer a more immediate release of nutrients. Insufficient nutrients can limit plant growth, leading to reduced yield and poor quality. Conversely, an excess of certain nutrients can cause various problems.